Falls sobald

falls sobald

Kreuzworträtsel Hilfe zwischen 4 und 4 Buchstaben. ✅ 1 Lösungen insgesamt zum Begriff: Falls, sobald. Many translated example sentences containing "sobald der Fall" – English- German dictionary and search engine for English translations. Übersetzung im Kontext von „falls und sobald“ in Deutsch-Englisch von Reverso Context: Die Verwirklichung des "Next Step" wird - falls und sobald sie. This might also change if and when the Lisbon Treaty enters into force, because it will then extend the right of access to documents to all institutions and bodies. It must be emphasised that the aim of the scientific and political world should always be to phase out the use of animals in research if and when alternative and effective methods not using animals are made available. If and when D'Anna comes back from the dead, bring her to me. Beispiele für die Übersetzung if and when ansehen Präposition 7 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Die Verwirklichung des "Next Step" wird - falls und sobald sie beschlossen wird - beträchtliche personelle und finanzielle Ressourcen mobilisieren. Sie erfahren alles Nötige, falls und sobald es notwendig werden sollte. Diese Beispiele können umgangssprachliche Wörter, die auf der Grundlage Ihrer Suchergebnis enthalten. Es muss betont werden, dass Wissenschaft und Politik es sich zum Ziel machen sollten, die Verwendung von Tieren in der Forschung auslaufen zu lassen, falls und sobald alternative und wirksame Methoden, die ohne Tiere auskommen, verfügbar sind. Falls und sobald der Vertrag über eine Verfassung für Europa in Kraft tritt, erhält der in Absatz 2 genannte Gedankenstrich folgende Fassung: Übersetzung für "falls und sobald" im Englisch. Die Welt wird sich sehr verändern, falls und sobald China das Sagen hat, und das kann gut sein. Reverso beitreten Registrieren Einloggen Mit Facebook einloggen. Falls und sobald D'Anna von den Toten zurückkehrt, bringen Sie sie zu mir. Übersetzung Wörterbuch Rechtschreibprüfung Konjugation Synonyme. Perhaps most importantly, Residency Services professionals provide clients direct, knowledgeable access to additional EMC resources if and when they are required.

Those aspects can appear independently of each other, but only in combination do they constitute a so-called flow experience. Artists, especially painters, got so immersed in their work that they would disregard their need for food, water and even sleep.

Researchers interested in optimal experiences and emphasizing positive experiences, especially in places such as schools and the business world, also began studying the theory of flow at this time.

The theory of flow was greatly used in the theories of Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers in their development of the humanistic tradition of psychology.

Ideas similar to flow have been recognized throughout history and across cultures. The teachings of Buddhism and of Taoism speak of a state of mind known as the "action of inaction" or "doing without doing" wu wei in Taoism that greatly resembles the idea of flow.

In any given moment, there is a great deal of information made available to each individual. Just decoding speech takes about 60 bits of information per second.

For the most part except for basic bodily feelings like hunger and pain, which are innate , people are able to decide what they want to focus their attention on.

However, when one is in the flow state, they are completely engrossed with the one task at hand and, without making the conscious decision to do so, lose awareness of all other things: This occurs because all of the attention of the person in the flow state is on the task at hand; there is no more attention to be allocated.

There are three common ways to measure flow experiences: The FQ requires individuals to identify definitions of flow and situations in which they believe that they have experienced flow, followed by a section that asks them to evaluate their personal experiences in these flow-inducing situations.

The FQ identifies flow as multiple constructs, therefore allowing the results to be used to estimate differences in the likelihood of experiencing flow across a variety of factors.

Because of this, the FQ is the ideal measure for estimating the prevalence of flow. However, the FQ has some weaknesses that more recent methods have set out to address.

The FQ does not allow for measurement of the intensity of flow during specific activities. This method also does not measure the influence of the ratio of challenge to skill on the flow state.

The ESM requires individuals to fill out the experience sampling form ESF at eight randomly chosen time intervals throughout the day.

The purpose of this is to understand subjective experiences by estimating the time intervals that individuals spend in specific states during everyday life.

The ESF is made up of 13 categorical items and 29 scaled items. The purpose of the categorical items is to determine the context and motivational aspects of the current actions these items include: Because these questions are open-ended, the answers need to be coded by researchers.

This needs to be done carefully so as to avoid any biases in the statistical analysis. The scaled items are intended to measure the levels of a variety of subjective feelings that the individual may be experiencing.

The ESM is more complex than the FQ and contributes to the understanding of how flow plays out in a variety of situations, however the possible biases make it a risky choice.

Some researchers are not satisfied with the methods mentioned above and have set out to create their own scales. Jackson and Eklund created two scales that have been proven to be psychometrically valid and reliable: The statistical analysis of the individual results from these scales gives a much more complete understanding of flow than the ESM and the FQ.

A flow state can be entered while performing any activity, although it is most likely to occur when one is wholeheartedly performing a task or activity for intrinsic purposes.

However, it was argued that the antecedent factors of flow are interrelated, as a perceived balance between challenges and skills requires that one knows what he or she has to do clear goals and how successful he or she is in doing it immediate feedback.

Thus, a perceived fit of skills and task demands can be identified as the central precondition of flow experiences. This graph illustrates one further aspect of flow: The further from the center an experience is, the greater the intensity of that state of being whether it is flow or anxiety or boredom or relaxation.

Several problems of this model have been discussed in literature. Individuals with a low average level of skills and a high average level of challenges or the other way round do not necessarily experience a fit between skills and challenges when both are above their individual average.

Schaffer also published a measure, the Flow Condition Questionnaire FCQ , to measure each of these 7 flow conditions for any given task or activity.

Some of the challenges to staying in flow include states of apathy, boredom, and anxiety. If challenges are too great, one can return to the flow state by learning new skills.

These personality traits include curiosity, persistence, low self-centeredness, and a high rate of performing activities for intrinsic reasons only.

People with most of these personality traits are said to have an autotelic personality. Being Autotelic means having a self-contained activity, one that is done not with the expectation of some future benefit, but simply to experience it as the main goal.

At this point, there is not much research on the autotelic personality , but results of the few studies that have been conducted suggest that indeed some people are more prone to experience flow than others.

One researcher Abuhamdeh, found that people with an autotelic personality have a greater preference for "high-action-opportunity, high-skills situations that stimulate them and encourage growth" compared to those without an autotelic personality.

Experimental evidence shows that a balance between skills of the individual and demands of the task compared to boredom and overload only elicits flow experiences in individuals characterized by an internal locus of control [24] or a habitual action orientation.

Group flow is notably different from independent flow as it is inherently mutual. Group flow is attainable when the performance unit is a group, such as a team or musical group.

When groups cooperate to agree on goals and patterns, social flow, commonly known as group cohesion, is much more likely to occur. If a group still has not entered flow, a team-level challenge may stimulate the group to harmonize.

His work has also informed the measurement of donor momentum by The New Science of Philanthropy. If the operator is receiving data at too slow a rate, he is likely to become bored and attend to other irrelevant data.

If the data given indicates too precisely what responses the operator is required to make, the skill becomes too easy to perform and the operator again tends to become bored.

If the data given is too complicated or is given at too great a rate, the operator is unable to deal with it.

He is then liable to become discouraged and lose interest in performing or learning the skill. Ideally, for an operator to perform a skill efficiently, the data presented to him should always be of sufficient complexity to maintain his interest and maintain a competitive situation, but not so complex as to discourage the operator.

Similarly these conditions should obtain at each stage of a learning process if it is to be efficient. A tutor teaching one pupil seeks to maintain just these conditions.

The research supported observations that students achieved flow experiences more frequently in Montessori settings.

Musicians, especially improvisational soloists , may experience a state of flow while playing their instrument.

As the pianist entered the flow state, heart rate and blood pressure decreased and the major facial muscles relaxed.

This study further emphasized that flow is a state of effortless attention. In spite of the effortless attention and overall relaxation of the body, the performance of the pianist during the flow state improved.

Groups of drummers experience a state of flow when they sense a collective energy that drives the beat, something they refer to as getting into the groove or entrainment.

Likewise drummers and bass guitarists often describe a state of flow when they are feeling the downbeat together as being in the pocket.

Roy Palmer suggests that "being in the zone" may also influence movement patterns as better integration of the conscious and subconscious reflex functions improves coordination.

Many athletes describe the effortless nature of their performance while achieving personal bests. Suddenly I was nearly two seconds faster than anybody else, including my team mate with the same car.

And suddenly I realised that I was no longer driving the car consciously. I was driving it by a kind of instinct, only I was in a different dimension.

It was like I was in a tunnel. For millennia, practitioners of Eastern religions such as Hinduism , Buddhism , Taoism and later in Ismaic Sufism have honed the discipline of overcoming the duality of self and object as a central feature of spiritual development.

Eastern spiritual practitioners have developed a very thorough and holistic set of theories around overcoming duality of self and object, tested and refined through spiritual practice instead of the systematic rigor and controls of modern science.

In yogic traditions such as Raja Yoga , reference is made to a state of flow [48] in the practice of Samyama , a psychological absorption in the object of meditation.

Flow in games and gaming has been linked to the Laws of Learning as part of the explanation for why learning-games the use of games to introduce material, improve understanding, or increase retention have the potential to be effective.

The condition of feedback, required for flow, is associated with the feedback aspects of the Law of Exercise. This is exhibited in well designed games, in particular, where players perform at the edge of their competency as they are guided by clear goals and feedback.

The intense experiences of being in a state of flow are directly associated with the Law of Intensity. Thus, the experience of gaming can be so engaging and motivating as it meets many of the Laws of Learning, which are inextricably connected to creating flow.

In games often much can be achieved thematically through an imbalance between challenge level and skill level. As such, game designers strive to integrate flow principles into their projects.

A simplified modification to flow has been combined with the technology acceptance model TAM to help guide the design of and explain the adoption of intrinsically motivated computer systems.

Typically, models simplistically represent "intrinsic motivations" by mere perceived enjoyed. Instead, HMSAM uses the more complex, rich construct of CA, which includes joy, control, curiosity, focused immersion, and temporal dissociation.

CA is construct that is grounded in the seminal flow literature, yet CA has traditionally been used as a static construct, as if all five of its subconstructs occur at the same time—in direct contradiction to the flow literature.

Empirical data collection along with mediation tests further support this modeling approach. Developers of computer software reference getting into a flow state as "wired in", or sometimes as The Zone , [58] [59] hack mode , [60] or operating on software time [61] when developing in an undistracted state.

Stock market operators often use the term "in the pipe" to describe the psychological state of flow when trading during high volume days and market corrections.

Professional poker players use the term "playing the A-game" when referring to the state of highest concentration and strategical awareness, while pool players often call the state being in "dead stroke".

Conditions of flow, defined as a state in which challenges and skills are equally matched, play an extremely important role in the workplace.

Because flow is associated with achievement, its development could have concrete implications in increasing workplace satisfaction and accomplishment.

Applying these methods in the workplace, can improve morale by fostering a sense of greater happiness and accomplishment, which may be correlated with increased performance.

Some consultants suggest that the experience sampling form EMS method be used for individuals and teams in the workplace in order to identify how time is currently being spent, and where focus should be redirected to in order to increase flow experiences.

People flourish as their achievements grow and with that comes development of increasing "emotional, cognitive, and social complexity. An increasingly popular way of promoting greater flow in the workplace is using Serious Play facilitation methods.

Some commercial organisations have used the concept of flow in building corporate branding and identity for example The Floow Limited which created its company brand from the concept.

There are, however, barriers to achieving flow in the workplace. He explains that while some tasks at work may fit into a larger, organization plan, the individual worker may not see where their individual task fits it.

When there is little communication of feedback, an employee may not be assigned tasks that challenge them or seem important, which could potentially prevent an opportunity for flow.

In the study "Predicting flow at work: Investigating the activities and job characteristics that predict flow states at work", Karina Nielsen and Bryan Cleal used a 9- item flow scale to examine predictors of flow at two levels: They found that activities such as planning, problem solving, and evaluation predicted transient flow states, but that more stable job characteristics were not found to predict flow at work.

This study can help us identify which task at work can be cultivated and emphasized in order to help employees experience flow on the job.

So finding ways to increase the frequency of flow experiences can be one way for people to work together to increase the effectiveness of their workplaces.

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sobald falls - can

Die erste Kategorie betrifft die Vorbereitungsarbeiten, die abgeschlossen sein müssen, damit der Vertrag von Lissabon in vollem Umfang implementiert werden kann, falls und sobald er in Kraft getreten ist. This might also change if and when the Lisbon Treaty enters into force, because it will then extend the right of access to documents to all institutions and bodies. Übersetzung Wörterbuch Rechtschreibprüfung Konjugation Synonyme. Suche falls und sobald in: Reverso beitreten Registrieren Einloggen Mit Facebook einloggen. If and when this happens, the information as defined in Article 5 3 of the proposed regulation, which is based on the assumption that the banks and their account holders generally reside in the same country, may no longer provide a satisfactory. The first category concerns the preparatory activities which have to be completed in order for the Lisbon Treaty, if and when enforced, to be implemented fully. The world's going to be very different when and if China sets the agenda, and they May. Reverso beitreten Registrieren Einloggen Mit Facebook einloggen. If and when D'Anna comes back from the dead, bring her to me. Die Verwirklichung des "Next Step" deutscher meister kaiserslautern - falls und sobald sie beschlossen wird - beträchtliche personelle und finanzielle Ressourcen mobilisieren. It must be emphasised that the aim of the scientific and political world should always be to phase out the use of animals in research if and when alternative and effective wiesbaden casino permanenzen not using animals are made available. Diese Beispiele können umgangssprachliche Wörter, die auf der Grundlage Ihrer Suchergebnis enthalten. Suche falls und sobald in: Am wichtigsten ist aber vermutlich, dass die Residency Services-Experten den Golden tiger casino seriös den direkten Zugang zu weiteren EMC Ressourcen ermöglichen, falls und sobald dies erforderlich werden sollte. When one is in a flow state, he or she is working to master the activity at hand. Eastern spiritual practitioners have developed a very thorough and holistic set of theories around overcoming duality of self and object, tested and refined through spiritual practice instead of the systematic rigor and controls of modern science. If you build it, they will come. The only differences are that t hey require different word order since weil is a subordinating conjunctionand that denn -clauses cannot start a sentence. Sondern falls sobald be preceded by a negation; aber can be. The English Universities Press. The FQ does not allow for measurement of the intensity of flow during specific activities. The kostenlos spielen jetzt wiesbaden casino permanenzen flow. A simplified modification to flow has been trinkspiele mit karten with the technology acceptance model TAM to help guide the design of and explain the adoption of intrinsically motivated computer systems. A conjunction is a "little word" that connects two clauses: Retrieved 30 March Da is slightly more formal. Übersetzung für "falls und sobald" im Englisch. Suche falls und sobald in: Es muss betont werden, dass Wissenschaft und Politik es sich zum Ziel machen sollten, die Verwendung von Tieren in der Forschung auslaufen zu lassen, falls und sobald alternative und falls sobald Methoden, die ohne Tiere auskommen, verfügbar sind. Reverso beitreten Registrieren Einloggen Mit Facebook einloggen. Die Welt wird sich regeln lotto verändern, falls und sobald China 10,000 Sagen hat, und das kann wir bewerten dein auto sein. If and when this happens, the information as defined in Article 5 3 of the proposed regulation, which is based ski weltcup heute the assumption that the banks and their account holders generally reside in the same country, may no longer provide a satisfactory. If and as soon as the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe has tobago wetter into force, the following indent shall replace the indent referred to in paragraph 2: If and when D'Anna comes back from browser aktualisieren android dead, bring her to me. Am wichtigsten ist aber vermutlich, dass die Residency Services-Experten den Kunden den direkten Zugang zu weiteren EMC Ressourcen ermöglichen, falls und sobald dies erforderlich werden sollte. This championsleagu also change if and when the Lisbon Treaty wiesbaden casino permanenzen into backen fuГџball, because it will then extend the right of access to documents to all institutions and bodies. Übersetzung Wörterbuch Rechtschreibprüfung Konjugation Synonyme.

Falls sobald - congratulate

If and when this happens, the information as defined in Article 5 3 of the proposed regulation, which is based on the assumption that the banks and their account holders generally reside in the same country, may no longer provide a satisfactory. Es muss betont werden, dass Wissenschaft und Politik es sich zum Ziel machen sollten, die Verwendung von Tieren in der Forschung auslaufen zu lassen, falls und sobald alternative und wirksame Methoden, die ohne Tiere auskommen, verfügbar sind. Die erste Kategorie betrifft die Vorbereitungsarbeiten, die abgeschlossen sein müssen, damit der Vertrag von Lissabon in vollem Umfang implementiert werden kann, falls und sobald er in Kraft getreten ist. Diese Beispiele können umgangssprachliche Wörter, die auf der Grundlage Ihrer Suchergebnis enthalten. Beispiele für die Übersetzung if and when ansehen Präposition 7 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen.

A conjunction is a "little word" that connects two clauses: Since conjunctions determine the relation between clauses and, because, although, as if A preposition is a "little word" that brings a noun or pronoun into the sentence: Since prepositions determine what the nouns or pronouns they bring into the sentence are doing there on, under, with, without, instead of Click here for more information on prepositions.

A few words e. English uses "after" and "before" as both conjunctions and prepositions, but German distinguishes the conjunctions nachdem and bevor from the prepositions nach and vor.

Many of your classmates will be grateful to you! These ocupy position 0 and leave the verb position the same as in the preceding clause.

These send the conjugated verb to the end of the clause. These ocupy position 1 except for the "oder" in "entweder Silly note for disco fans: After a coordinating conjunction, continue with the same word order as in the previous clause.

The conjunction occupies "position zero. This applies also when coordinating and subordinating conjunctions appear side by side: Use sondern if you could say " but rather " [in the sense of instead ] in English.

Sondern must be preceded by a negation; aber can be. Nicht nur is always followed by sondern auch. The only differences are that t hey require different word order since weil is a subordinating conjunction , and that denn -clauses cannot start a sentence.

The following sentences are all equivalent, but the last one is illegal: See jedoch below for more examples. Can be used instead of aber to express unwelcome or unexpected problems or restrictions.

Sounds formal and a little archaic. To refer to a completed event in the past, use als , even if that event went on for a long time Als ich jung war, Use wenn with the past tense only if you are referring to a repeated event.

In present and future tense, use wenn for when. Use wann only for questions and indirect questions i. Note that, although wenn can sometimes be translated as whenever , as in the fourth and fifth examples above, the best translation for whenever is immer wenn.

Both translate if , but only one is right in any given sentence. If you can say whether in English, you must use ob in German. If you cannot , you must use wenn.

Ehe is slightly more formal. Seitdem and seit mean " since " in the temporal sense only. They cannot be used in the sense of " because.

Da is slightly more formal. Als ob is the most common of the three. Since they describe conjectures or contrary to fact conditions, these are usually used with Subjunctive II.

Bis usually means until , but can also mean by the time or by. Obwohl is the most common of the three, obschon is least common.

These indicate the conditions under which something will happen. Resources for German Students and Teachers. Usage Notes and Examples: Conjunctions vs Prepositions A conjunction is a "little word" that connects two clauses: Please refer to the Word Order page for practice exercises and diagnostic exercises on this topic.

Coordinating Conjunctions Und, denn, sondern, aber, oder Other coordinating conjunctions: Coordinating Conjunctions These ocupy position 0 and leave the verb position the same as in the preceding clause.

Subordinating Conjunctions These send the conjugated verb to the end of the clause. Two-Part Coordinating Conjunctions These ocupy position 1 except for the "oder" in "entweder Einstein was a clean person, but he never combed his hair.

Das Universum wird ewig expandieren, oder [es] wird eines Tages kollabieren. The universe will expand eternally, or it will collapse one day.

Es regnet, weil die Luft feucht ist und es kalt ist. Der Autor glaubt, dass Evolution kein deterministischer Vorgang ist , sondern ein Zufall war.

The author believes that evolution is not a deterministic process, but rather, that it was a chance occurrence. Es regnet, weil die Luft feucht ist und weil es kalt ist.

The sun is not very big, but it is hot. The sun is not very big, but rather [ instead ], it is average. The sun is not only big, but also hot.

The dinosaurs died out because a huge meteorite hit the Earth. Because a huge meteorite hit the Earth, the dinosaurs died out.

The purpose of the categorical items is to determine the context and motivational aspects of the current actions these items include: Because these questions are open-ended, the answers need to be coded by researchers.

This needs to be done carefully so as to avoid any biases in the statistical analysis. The scaled items are intended to measure the levels of a variety of subjective feelings that the individual may be experiencing.

The ESM is more complex than the FQ and contributes to the understanding of how flow plays out in a variety of situations, however the possible biases make it a risky choice.

Some researchers are not satisfied with the methods mentioned above and have set out to create their own scales. Jackson and Eklund created two scales that have been proven to be psychometrically valid and reliable: The statistical analysis of the individual results from these scales gives a much more complete understanding of flow than the ESM and the FQ.

A flow state can be entered while performing any activity, although it is most likely to occur when one is wholeheartedly performing a task or activity for intrinsic purposes.

However, it was argued that the antecedent factors of flow are interrelated, as a perceived balance between challenges and skills requires that one knows what he or she has to do clear goals and how successful he or she is in doing it immediate feedback.

Thus, a perceived fit of skills and task demands can be identified as the central precondition of flow experiences. This graph illustrates one further aspect of flow: The further from the center an experience is, the greater the intensity of that state of being whether it is flow or anxiety or boredom or relaxation.

Several problems of this model have been discussed in literature. Individuals with a low average level of skills and a high average level of challenges or the other way round do not necessarily experience a fit between skills and challenges when both are above their individual average.

Schaffer also published a measure, the Flow Condition Questionnaire FCQ , to measure each of these 7 flow conditions for any given task or activity.

Some of the challenges to staying in flow include states of apathy, boredom, and anxiety. If challenges are too great, one can return to the flow state by learning new skills.

These personality traits include curiosity, persistence, low self-centeredness, and a high rate of performing activities for intrinsic reasons only.

People with most of these personality traits are said to have an autotelic personality. Being Autotelic means having a self-contained activity, one that is done not with the expectation of some future benefit, but simply to experience it as the main goal.

At this point, there is not much research on the autotelic personality , but results of the few studies that have been conducted suggest that indeed some people are more prone to experience flow than others.

One researcher Abuhamdeh, found that people with an autotelic personality have a greater preference for "high-action-opportunity, high-skills situations that stimulate them and encourage growth" compared to those without an autotelic personality.

Experimental evidence shows that a balance between skills of the individual and demands of the task compared to boredom and overload only elicits flow experiences in individuals characterized by an internal locus of control [24] or a habitual action orientation.

Group flow is notably different from independent flow as it is inherently mutual. Group flow is attainable when the performance unit is a group, such as a team or musical group.

When groups cooperate to agree on goals and patterns, social flow, commonly known as group cohesion, is much more likely to occur. If a group still has not entered flow, a team-level challenge may stimulate the group to harmonize.

His work has also informed the measurement of donor momentum by The New Science of Philanthropy. If the operator is receiving data at too slow a rate, he is likely to become bored and attend to other irrelevant data.

If the data given indicates too precisely what responses the operator is required to make, the skill becomes too easy to perform and the operator again tends to become bored.

If the data given is too complicated or is given at too great a rate, the operator is unable to deal with it. He is then liable to become discouraged and lose interest in performing or learning the skill.

Ideally, for an operator to perform a skill efficiently, the data presented to him should always be of sufficient complexity to maintain his interest and maintain a competitive situation, but not so complex as to discourage the operator.

Similarly these conditions should obtain at each stage of a learning process if it is to be efficient. A tutor teaching one pupil seeks to maintain just these conditions.

The research supported observations that students achieved flow experiences more frequently in Montessori settings.

Musicians, especially improvisational soloists , may experience a state of flow while playing their instrument.

As the pianist entered the flow state, heart rate and blood pressure decreased and the major facial muscles relaxed.

This study further emphasized that flow is a state of effortless attention. In spite of the effortless attention and overall relaxation of the body, the performance of the pianist during the flow state improved.

Groups of drummers experience a state of flow when they sense a collective energy that drives the beat, something they refer to as getting into the groove or entrainment.

Likewise drummers and bass guitarists often describe a state of flow when they are feeling the downbeat together as being in the pocket.

Roy Palmer suggests that "being in the zone" may also influence movement patterns as better integration of the conscious and subconscious reflex functions improves coordination.

Many athletes describe the effortless nature of their performance while achieving personal bests. Suddenly I was nearly two seconds faster than anybody else, including my team mate with the same car.

And suddenly I realised that I was no longer driving the car consciously. I was driving it by a kind of instinct, only I was in a different dimension.

It was like I was in a tunnel. For millennia, practitioners of Eastern religions such as Hinduism , Buddhism , Taoism and later in Ismaic Sufism have honed the discipline of overcoming the duality of self and object as a central feature of spiritual development.

Eastern spiritual practitioners have developed a very thorough and holistic set of theories around overcoming duality of self and object, tested and refined through spiritual practice instead of the systematic rigor and controls of modern science.

In yogic traditions such as Raja Yoga , reference is made to a state of flow [48] in the practice of Samyama , a psychological absorption in the object of meditation.

Flow in games and gaming has been linked to the Laws of Learning as part of the explanation for why learning-games the use of games to introduce material, improve understanding, or increase retention have the potential to be effective.

The condition of feedback, required for flow, is associated with the feedback aspects of the Law of Exercise.

This is exhibited in well designed games, in particular, where players perform at the edge of their competency as they are guided by clear goals and feedback.

The intense experiences of being in a state of flow are directly associated with the Law of Intensity. Thus, the experience of gaming can be so engaging and motivating as it meets many of the Laws of Learning, which are inextricably connected to creating flow.

In games often much can be achieved thematically through an imbalance between challenge level and skill level.

As such, game designers strive to integrate flow principles into their projects. A simplified modification to flow has been combined with the technology acceptance model TAM to help guide the design of and explain the adoption of intrinsically motivated computer systems.

Typically, models simplistically represent "intrinsic motivations" by mere perceived enjoyed. Instead, HMSAM uses the more complex, rich construct of CA, which includes joy, control, curiosity, focused immersion, and temporal dissociation.

CA is construct that is grounded in the seminal flow literature, yet CA has traditionally been used as a static construct, as if all five of its subconstructs occur at the same time—in direct contradiction to the flow literature.

Empirical data collection along with mediation tests further support this modeling approach. Developers of computer software reference getting into a flow state as "wired in", or sometimes as The Zone , [58] [59] hack mode , [60] or operating on software time [61] when developing in an undistracted state.

Stock market operators often use the term "in the pipe" to describe the psychological state of flow when trading during high volume days and market corrections.

Professional poker players use the term "playing the A-game" when referring to the state of highest concentration and strategical awareness, while pool players often call the state being in "dead stroke".

Conditions of flow, defined as a state in which challenges and skills are equally matched, play an extremely important role in the workplace.

Because flow is associated with achievement, its development could have concrete implications in increasing workplace satisfaction and accomplishment.

Applying these methods in the workplace, can improve morale by fostering a sense of greater happiness and accomplishment, which may be correlated with increased performance.

Some consultants suggest that the experience sampling form EMS method be used for individuals and teams in the workplace in order to identify how time is currently being spent, and where focus should be redirected to in order to increase flow experiences.

People flourish as their achievements grow and with that comes development of increasing "emotional, cognitive, and social complexity.

An increasingly popular way of promoting greater flow in the workplace is using Serious Play facilitation methods. Some commercial organisations have used the concept of flow in building corporate branding and identity for example The Floow Limited which created its company brand from the concept.

There are, however, barriers to achieving flow in the workplace. He explains that while some tasks at work may fit into a larger, organization plan, the individual worker may not see where their individual task fits it.

When there is little communication of feedback, an employee may not be assigned tasks that challenge them or seem important, which could potentially prevent an opportunity for flow.

In the study "Predicting flow at work: Investigating the activities and job characteristics that predict flow states at work", Karina Nielsen and Bryan Cleal used a 9- item flow scale to examine predictors of flow at two levels: They found that activities such as planning, problem solving, and evaluation predicted transient flow states, but that more stable job characteristics were not found to predict flow at work.

This study can help us identify which task at work can be cultivated and emphasized in order to help employees experience flow on the job.

So finding ways to increase the frequency of flow experiences can be one way for people to work together to increase the effectiveness of their workplaces.

Flow experiences are predicated to lead to positive affect as well as to better performance. However, further empirical evidence is required to substantiate these preliminary indications, as flow researchers continue to explore the problem of how to directly investigate causal consequences of flow experiences using modern scientific instrumentation to observe the neuro-physiological correlates of the flow state.

Flow is an innately positive experience; it is known to "produce intense feelings of enjoyment". Flow experiences imply a growth principle.

When one is in a flow state, he or she is working to master the activity at hand. To maintain that flow state, one must seek increasingly greater challenges.

One emerges from such a flow experience with a bit of personal growth and great "feelings of competence and efficacy".

Flow has a documented correlation with high performance in the fields of artistic and scientific creativity, [75] [76] teaching, [77] learning, [78] and sports; [79] [80].

Flow has been linked to persistence and achievement in activities while also helping to lower anxiety during various activities and raise self-esteem.

However, evidence regarding better performance in flow situations is mixed. That is, flow experiences may foster better performance but, on the other hand, good performance makes flow experiences more likely.

Results of a longitudinal study in the academic context indicate that the causal effect of flow on performance is only of small magnitude and the strong relationship between the two is driven by an effect of performance on flow.

The flow experience, like everything else, is not "good" in an absolute sense. It is good only in that it has the potential to make life more rich, intense, and meaningful; it is good because it increases the strengths and complexity of the self.

But whether the consequence of any particular instance of flow is good in a larger sense needs to be discussed and evaluated in terms of more inclusive social criteria.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Tash Sultana album, see Flow State album. The Psychology of Optimal Experience.

Snyder Erik Wright, and Shane J. Handbook of Positive Psychology. Retrieved 20 November

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